Ergonomic Desk Setup [Desk Ergonomics Guide 2021]


Finally, it’s time to revamp your workspace.

Whether you’re at home or the office, an ergonomic desk setup can help you achieve more and feel better.

Are you using two monitors? No problem.

You can configure a perfectly balanced ergonomic desk setup with two monitors without too much effort. You just need to know the basics.

I’ll help you with that.

Keep on reading!

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  • Improved posture
  • Reduced injury risk
  • Decreased muscle stiffness
  • Minimized repetitive movements
  • Boosted productivity
  • Increased work quality

Computer monitor ergonomics

Our desk ergonomics guide starts with one of the most essential components – the computer monitor.

First of all, you need to make sure that you’re at least an arm’s length away from the screen at all times. Placing your monitor too close or too far away is equally bad.

The monitor should be directly in front of you, with the top of the screen at eye level.

Remember: adjust the monitor to your natural posture, not the other way around. In other words, don’t strain your neck or hunch over to see better.

Another essential tip is to minimize screen glare, as it is one of the main factors for eye strain and headaches. So, adjust the brightness of your screen, use dim lights, and avoid placing your computer screen next to direct sunlight.

Laptop ergonomics

Naturally, everything from the above section applies here with a couple of additional tips.

For proper desk ergonomics – always use an external keyboard and mouse for your laptop. However, in case you don’t have those with you, here’s what you can do:

  • When writing – when you need to do a lot of writing and you only have your laptop, you need to optimize the position of your wrists and shoulders. Bring the laptop close to you, so your elbows are at a 90-degree angle. Relax your shoulders. Tilt the monitor as much as you need until you’re able to see comfortably.
  • When reading – place the laptop on top of some books or boxes, elevate it to eye level, the same principle as the computer monitor. The distance you place the laptop should be enough that you’re comfortable seeing it.

Ergonomic desk setup – two monitors

Nowadays a lot of professions require using two monitors. It’s simply more efficient and productive to have two screens to look at and multitask.

You might think setting up two monitors on an ergonomic table is a tedious task.

The good news is – it’s not.

Here’s the deal:

  1. If you use one monitor more than the other – place it directly in front of you, as it was a single monitor.
  2. If you use both monitors equally – place both side by side – leave no gap between them.
  3. Extend your arm and pan in an arch so that your fingertips touch the screen.
  4. Adjust your monitors so that the top of the screen is at eye level. Tilt them slightly down to avoid reflections.

Ergonomic desk setup for carpal tunnel

Whether you’re using a fully ergonomic chair or a regular one, there are some fundamental rules you should follow to optimize your comfort while sitting.

Let’s have a closer look at each individually.

Ergonomic chair

Ergonomic chairs come with advanced functionalities that allow maximum customization for your sitting experience.

For example, an adjustable pneumatic lever can help you regulate the height and make it much more comfortable for your back.

You can make the same adjustments to lumbar support, seat width, and depth, armrests, etc. You can see how this chair allows much more freedom.

Normal chair

The ordinary chair does not have all the advanced features of the ergonomic one. Still, most of us are used to that forward-leaning posture, which is a natural consequence of uncomfortable chairs.

But the fact we’re used to it doesn’t mean it’s right. We could and should change it. The thing you need to know is…

What is the proper sitting posture?

Here’s the complete list:

  1. Chair seat – put your back against the backrest. The front edge of the seat pan should not touch the crease of your knees.
  2. Chair backrest – sit with your back straight against the backrest. Keep your shoulders back and relaxed. Distribute the weight of your body equally on both hips. Have your knees in line with your hips at a 90-degree angle.
  3. Chair armrests – whenever you’re not using your arms, keep them at the armrests. If you have an ergonomic chair, you’re likely able to adjust the height. However, suppose you cannot regulate them. In that case, you can consider using other ergonomical equipment such as an electric ergo desk that will allow you to control the elevation of your desk.
  4. Footrest – your feet should be able to reach the ground comfortably. If they don’t, use a footrest. There are all kinds of fancy ergonomic footrests out there, but if you don’t want to invest in one just yet, you can always use an ordinary box or stool.
  5. Take small breaks every twenty minutes – use them to stretch, exercise, or have a short walk. You can also consider working standing. Sitting in the same position for prolonged periods is devastating for your body.

In conclusion

How do you like your new ergonomic desk setup?

You’ll start feeling the benefits in no time, I guarantee it.

In fact, I bet in time you will start teaching other people about proper ergonomic workstation design.

A: Place your monitor at the center of the desk. Align your keyboard to the center of the monitor. Place your mouse close to your keyboard. Keep everything you frequently use within arm’s reach.

A: You can start by getting a sit-stand workstation that will allow you to modify your desk’s height and work standing. Still, even without a standing desk, you can set up your workstation ergonomically by placing your monitor an arms away from your eyes. Keep the top of the screen at eye level. Place your keyboard at the center of the monitor. Adopt a proper sitting posture, as described above, relax your shoulders and keep your wrists straight, and don’t forget to take frequent breaks to stretch and exercise.

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